how to keep chrysanthemums over winter

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Overwintering mums is a wonderful way to save money and add perennial beauty to the landscape! My plants. Last year, my chrysanthemum plants grew so tall and spindly that they flopped over at flowering. With just a little winter care for mums, these fall beauties can come back year after year. Chrysanthemums that are purchased in the fall need special protection for their first winter. It is important to note that there are two distinct types of Chrysanthemums. The goal is to allow them to go dormant without freezing. The above is meant for potted mums that you purchase in the fall . After the foliage of the plant has died back, you will need to cut it back. Make no mistake, chrysanthemums thrive in full sun. Chrysanthemums that are purchased in the fall need special protection for their first winter. There are floral varieties that are grown purely for blooms. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Step 5 Water the mums when the top of the soil begins to feel dry. Follow these steps to increase the chances that your potted mums will survive the winter: 1. Floral Chrysanthemums have very shallow roots, and simply can’t stand up to the rigors of wintertime when planted outside. The leaves of the plant will die back and become brown after a few hard frosts have hit your area. How To Grow Ginger Indoors – The Perfectly Delicious Winter House Plant! Although mums can be planted in the fall in the landscape with a heavy mulching, this method is a bit dicey for success. In the spring, acclimate your mum by moving the pot outdoors for a few hours each day. Once the first frost hits, the foliage is going to turn brown. Knowing how to winterize mums will not only save your mums, but will save your money too because you will not have to buy new plants each year. With the warmer winters we have been having this is more and more likely to occur. Find a window that allows lots of sun in and be sure it gets at least four hours a day of direct sunlight. My ideas. Here we detail propagation procedures and consider the cultivation of late-flowering types. In the fall of the second year and beyond, leave the mums foliage in tact through the winter. The best way to protect is to bring plants indoors before the first hard freeze. above the ground. Once the soil is dried to a depth of about 1 to 2 inches, water the plants well. You can also share your backyard gardening tips or stories with us at info@thisismygarden.com tobe our next feature! Next, for best success, store in a cool corner of the basement or a semi-heated garage. Mums perform best in fertile, well-drained soil. Get more info online at http://www.connecttristates.comOn Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/khqa7newsOn Twitter: @KHQA http://twitter.com/khqa #KHQAtm Feed plants in early spring and every 2 weeks until buds have formed. Keep the soil moist. Interestingly, the idea is to help prevent the ground from thawing during the winter during warm spells. Most mums need 3 months of root growth (for which fall purchased and planted mums do not get in most places) before they will make it through a winter. Stock selection of chrysanthemumsis carried out by retaining for propagation the plants that have produced the best blooms in the previous season. How To Melt Snow And Ice Safely – Avoid Damaging Plants, Lawns & Pets. Cut back the stems of the mums to 3 to 4 inches (8 to 10 cm.) Leaving a little bit of the stems will ensure that next year you have a full plant, as the new stems will grow from these trimmed stems. Prune any dead flowers away entirely at the end of the season. Store the mums in a cool, dark area. When planting your mums, also consider planting them in a somewhat sheltered location where they will not be exposed to winter winds that can decrease their chances of surviving the winter. This leads to hard freezes completely killing off the plant. Product links : 4 Pack 8″ Large Potted Mum Plants –  3 Pack Live Mums Assorted Colors. After this, dry the stools thoroughly, trim the roots to about 15cm (6") in length and then box them in seed trays using an open compost. Store in an airy place (a cold greenhouse is fine) and keep the compost dry. Mums naturally start to blossom in the late summer and begin to fade in the fall once the first frost hits. Spread 2 or 3 inches of mulch, such as leaves, straw or wood chips, in fall to keep the roots warm. on How To Plant Tulips This Fall For A Brilliant Spring Blooming Display! This Is My Garden is a gardening website created by gardeners, for gardeners! In the spring, cut back the foliage, and repeat with summer cut back care. Cuttings for propagation are tak… on How To Create A Simple Cold Frame – Extend Your Growing Season! Sign up for our newsletter. Water your mums so that the soil is slightly moist. After the surface of the ground freezes in late autumn or early winter, mulch the mums with 4 to 6 inches of a non-matting organic material such as straw, pine needles or evergreen boughs. Place the chrysanthemums in a box or tray and cover with soil or compost and store in a cool, frost-free place for the winter. Mums grow slowly over the summer. The difference between the two is mainly in the roots. and later became known as the official seal of Japan's emperor. Leave the foliage in place. Top the soil with shredded wood mulch or straw about four-inches thick and cover the … Cut mums back to within a few inches of the soil line before bringing indoors. In April, I bring them out into the sun and water. The next step in winter care for mums is to properly insulate them in the fall. They are growing in full sun and were pruned to the ground after they went dormant in winter. A garage or garden shed is ok for this as long as it is frost-free. If they are in containers remember to keep the pot protected from the frost so the roots do not freeze over the winter. Gardeners who live in the South, where mums will continue to grow throughout the winter, need to cut their plants back to encourage continued bloom and prevent legginess. Mum plants can be split and divided in early spring if they become too large over the years. The leaves of the plant will die back and become brown after a few hard frosts have hit your area. A simpler way to overwintering Chrysanthemums in pots is to wait until the flowers are faded. If you cut the mums back to the ground, fewer stems will grow next year. Hundreds, if not thousands, of different garden mums have been bred. The mulch for winterizing mums can be straw or leaves. Sign up below to follow along, and follow us on Facebook @ TIMG as well. on How To Grow Ginger Indoors – The Perfectly Delicious Winter House Plant! Keep mums outdoors until the foliage and flowers die back after the first frost. It is an excellent way to double your plants for free. Mums — How to grow and keep chrysanthemums blooming! How To Prepare For Starting Seeds Indoors – Get Ready Now To Grow! The vast array of colors available look incredible in pots, containers and baskets. 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This will help insulate the roots from extreme cold. Fight the urge to trim away old stems and leave the foliage in place. The potted mums you buy in the fall dry out quickly since they are usually top heavy with bloom and have a relatively small amount of roots. We publish two garden articles every week, 52 weeks a year. Place the chrysanthemums in a box or tray, and cover with soil or compost and store them in a cool, frost-free place for the winter. Cut back the stems of the mums to 3 to 4 inches (8 to 10 cm.) The best way to protect is to bring plants indoors before the first hard freeze. Make sure that you plant your mums in well draining soil. This allows the new growth to come in more compact and bushy, for a great fall bloom. The following spring, as soon as soil warms and the threat of a hard freeze is over, it is safe to plant in the landscape. Chrysanthemums, or “mums” as they are often called, are one of the first plants people turn to for fall color. Keep reading to learn more about how to winterize mums. Extend the mulch to the drip line for complete protection. Fully hardy, they will die back over the winter to re-appear the following spring, (just cut off the old flowered stems when the new growth appears in early spring). Chrysanthemums, often called mums for short, are the most popular flower for fall color in the landscape in the Midwest. ... Water lightly over the winter months — just so that it’s slightly moist. How To Make Homemade Hot Pepper Flakes From Fresh Peppers! Everything you need to know about choosing the right chrysanthemum for you. Usually it takes about 2 weeks to see new green. In closing, just a few more tips for keeping your mums looking great. This mulch can be straw, leaves, or even grass clippings. Q. The original species are often unclear, but horticulturalists generally categorize garden mums by flower shape: The recommended treatment is five minutes in water at 46°C (114°F). A Few More Tips For Keeping Potted Mums Looking Great. As I put my garden to bed for the winter, I chop the mums down, then put the pots in the unheated garage. And perhaps even better, many varieties are hardy enough to come back year after year! Mums only need a lot of water during the bloom, allowing well established plants in the ground to come back year after year. Chrysanthemums are meant to naturally bloom in mid-summer, so if you are looking for brilliant fall color, you will need to cut them back a few times before they bloom early. These overwintering mums can provide beautiful foliage in the spring and summer, and gorgeous blooms in late summer and fall year. Leaving pots outdoors, even when labeled as a “hardy mum” is a recipe for disaster. For best results, select a spot in full sun away from trees and big shrubs. Keep Plants Cool And Shaded. Water mums daily while they're blooming. The next step in winter care for mums is to properly insulate them in the fall. In zones 5 and up, with a bit of special attention, hardy mums can be planted as perennials. When planting, add in a bit of compost to help their root systems establish quickly. Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully. For most plants, trimming back in early July and again in August works best. Bring the mums indoors once the outdoor temperature drops below 60 degrees F. Place the mums in a sunny window. Leave mums outdoors in areas with warm winters. Heavy mulching can keep the roots from freezing and thawing again during the winter. Leaving pots outdoors, even when labeled as a “hardy mum” is a recipe for disaster. Store the mums in a cool, dark area. Well draining soil is essential to successfully overwintering mums. The chrysanthemum first appeared in China in 500 B.C. With these few steps, you can provide the kind of winter care for mums that increases the chances that these lovely flowers will make it through the cold weather, and reward you with lovely blooms again next year. When the ground freezes and thaws and freezes again, this causes more damage to the plant than if it simply stays frozen for the whole winter season. If there is no green in 3 weeks, that particular mum is done. Not Preparing Your Mums for Winter. But that sun … Discover chrysanthemums. Basements and garages work best for this task. As soon as the first hard frost occurs in your garden in fall, it's … Cut the brown foliage and stems, leaving 1 inch above the soil line. You don't want to over-water your mums, however the worst thing that can happen is for them to get too dry. But not here in the North. The steps for wintering mums start when you plant them. After this, when wintering mums, it is best to provide a heavy layer of mulch over the plant after the ground has frozen. If temperatures could fall below freezing, wrap the pots with several layers of newspaper to protect the roots. Move pots to a cool but a well-lighted spot. This process is called “pinching back”, and can be done by simply trimming the plant back to a few inches tall. How To Create A Simple Cold Frame – Extend Your Growing Season! After this, dig them up and put them into pots. above the ground. Early in the season, deadheading will encourage continual blooms. This measure is not intended to provide warmth for the plants, but rather to keep them cold because intermittent freezing and thawing can uproot them. Keep the plants watered but make sure not to over-water them. Place your mums in a sunny area in your home. After the foliage of the plant has died back, you will need to cut it back. How To Plant Tulips This Fall For A Brilliant Spring Blooming Display! 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